If you have been unfortunate enough to have suffered a miscarriage, it will come under this stage of your cycle.
The Follicular Phase
This phase incorporates the menstruation phase in it. It is the part of the cycle that most varies from woman to woman and can last anywhere between 7 days and 40 plus days. This is the phase where the hormones in your body begin to prepare the follicles of ovaries to release the egg for ovulation.
The Ovulation Phase
This phase is only 4-5 days long and in an average 28 day cycle will take place starting from around day 10 of your cycle. This is when your womb is the most fertile for conceiving a baby and the part of your cycle to be having the most fun in the bedroom. The second to last day of this phase is when your ovaries will release your egg for fertilising. Once your egg is released however it only has a 24-48 hour life span unless it is fertilised. Some women may suffer a cramp like feeling when their egg is released.
Ideally to conceive a child you should be having intercourse every day from the start of your ovulation phase until the last day of the ovulation phase. However, if you are unable to do so, then making sure you have intercourse on the day your egg is released will give you a higher chance of conceiving.
Interestingly enough, when your egg is fertilised can help determine the sex of your baby. Those couples who manage to fertilise their egg by having intercourse on the day of the egg release or the day following will have a higher chance of conceiving a boy. Those couples who fertilise their egg by having intercourse before the day of the egg releasing will be more likely to conceive a girl.
The Luteal Phase
This last phase is the important phase once an egg is fertilised. It is usually between 12-14 days for most women and starts from the day after ovulation has occurred but must be a minimum of 10 days for a pregnancy to be successful. This is the phase when the egg if fertilised successfully will implant itself into the side of your womb.
If your egg has not been fertilised successfully then it will not implant itself into the side of your womb and the menstrual phase of your cycle will begin again.